Thursday, 30 July 2009

Coffee Bean Species and Varieties


Coffee Bean Species and Varieties

Author: Craig Elliott

The coffee beans we grind and use to brew coffee come from the Coffea evergreen bush, grown in over 50 countries around the globe. Each year, the Coffee bush flowers and develops a cherry-like fruit, inside which are typically two small seeds or coffee beans. There are 10 different species of Coffea bush, the first of which was discovered in Ethiopia some thousands of years ago.

Once man discovered the coffee bean, its cultivation and use spread to the Middle East, Europe, Asia and beyond. Today, much of the coffee we drink is made from beans that were grown in Latin America, Western Africa, Indonesia and the Philippines, and continental southeastern Asia.

Two species of coffee bean -- Coffea Arabica and Canephora -- constitute more than 90 percent of the coffee beans sold on the international market. Depending on the region, species of coffee, roasting, and preparation, coffee beans can infuse a cup of coffee with a variety of flavors and textures.

The seeds of the Coffea Arabica bush are grown all over the world and account for 75% of the coffee beans we use to make our hot beverages. Arabica beans are very flavorful and contain less caffeine than Canephora beans. Coffea Arabica bushes are grown principally in Western Africa and Latin America. Different regions of these countries are known for producing a different type of coffee bean; that is, a coffee bean lending a different flavor when brewed.

These different region types are called varietals. The climate, soil, weather, and particular plants and seeds give regions their distinctive coffee bean tastes. In Africa, Arabica bean cultivation can be found in Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, and the northern Muslim countries, among others.

Ethiopian coffee beans have an easy, smooth flavor and are delightfully accented by floral notes. Kenyan coffees are also smooth, but a bit tartier than Ethiopian beans. They have a pleasantly fruity aftertaste, as does coffee brewed from Tanzanian beans. These beans are a lovely afternoon coffee, with a milder texture and flavor than its northern counterparts.

A great variety of coffee bean flavors come from Latin America. Coffee beans grown in Brazil lend coffee a slightly bitter cocoa flavor with rich nutty undertones. A favorite of many, Columbian coffee is very rich and bold, a great morning coffee, with a thick, dark texture and a walnut finish.

Costa Rican coffee beans are similar to Brazilian, but have a lighter, sharper, almost tangy flavor. Mexico is also a great producer of coffee beans. The beans here vary in flavor and texture, from dry and light to thicker and deeper in complexion and flavor. Although many of the beans grown in Latin America are of the Arabica variety, some regions grow Canephora bushes. The seeds of the Coffea Canephora bush have fewer oils -- and in lesser quantities -- than Arabica beans do.

Less oil and higher acidity give coffees brewed from these beans a slightly more bitter quality. Despite this, Canephora is still a very popular coffee bean, used worldwide in cheap, canned coffee blends and expensive espresso roasts. Canephora beans typically have almost 50% more caffeine than Arabica beans.

Canephora beans are more widely cultivated in Asia than Arabica. These varietals are known for having a more acidic and bitter, although not unpleasant, flavor. Most of the coffee beans we use come from island nations in Asia, such as Sumatra and the island of Komodo.

Coffees brewed from these regional beans have a full texture and a slightly acrid, herbal flavor. Java and Kona varietals are especially popular and make a wonderful morning coffee due to their earthy, almost stringent quality.

Other factors that influence the taste of a coffee bean or cup of coffee are roasting methods and final preparation. As a rule of thumb, the greater the amount of time spent roasting, the darker, more full-bodied, and flavorful a coffee will be. Although coffee beans lose essential oils -- and caffeine -- during roasting, they change chemically during the roasting process, and acquire new, different and flavorful oils.

The darkest roast is known as Italian, which is preceded by French, Full City, City, American, and other, lighter coffee roasts. French roasts are used to make espresso, because they have a high oil content and low acidity.

City roast is common in western United States, and American roast is synonymous with eastern cities, including New York and Boston. These coffees are often produced using the drip method. Some people opt for a French press, the use of which results in a stronger flavor and oily texture. Using an espresso machine to brew coffee also lends the coffee a strong flavor, as well as higher caffeine content.

About Author:

Craig Elliott is a freelance writer who writes about topics pertaining to the food and beverage industry such as Coffee | Coffee Beans

Article Source: ArticlesBase.com - Coffee Bean Species and Varieties

Tuesday, 21 July 2009

Way to Go Twitter and Digg (not) « Income Club Pro.

Twitter and Digg have banned Natalie Regoli's Cancer - maybe they think that by banning her the problem with ill people tweeting and digging for awareness of cancer will vanish too eh?

Posted via web from lemonknickers' posterous

3 cash Machine is back

Yeay! I'm glad they got it sorted out with google, I like this little marketing machine.  I'm sending this out as a blogwide update as it means I will probabley be adding 3CM back to the healthy coffee downline builder - I will add it as an exta program this time and keep global domains there too as a separate opportunity:

 

the e-mail from Dan - incase you missed it:

 

I write to you with great news... The 3 Cash Machine has been re-launched!

Google has finally lifted the 'Attack Site' warning and we've got the site
back up and running. And it's going to be better then ever!

During the time that the 3CM was down, we've gone through the site with
a fine tooth comb and fixed a number of scripting issues. In particular,
an issue that prevented a small number of people from signing up. So the
sign up numbers should shoot through the roof this summer!!

As we have not been monitoring the support desk during the down time... our
mailbox has filled up with over 15,000 emails. A lot of this is spam. So
we're decided to delete all of these emails and start from scratch. Soooo...
If you sent a support related email to us over the past 2 weeks, please go
to your 'Sent Messages', find the email and resend it.

I've been totally blown away by the response of the 3CM members over this
past two weeks. I'm so very proud of you all!! Your letters of luck and
encouragement have been a true inspiration. Thank you to all of you that
wrote strong worded letters to Google. It just goes to show what strength
in numbers can achieve.

Finally - It was the 3CM's 1st birthday on Sunday (2 days ago)! We didn't
think there was very much to celebrate on Sunday... But now we feel like a
PARTY!! So to thank you for all your hard work over the past year, I'm
going to send you a couple of presents tomorrow... so keep your eye out for
that!

Thank you for your patience and humility.
I wish you a profitable new 3CM year! :)
Kind Regards,

Dan Weaver
dan@the3cashmachine.com
www.the3cashmachine.com

Posted via web from lemonknickers' posterous

Saturday, 18 July 2009

Hi this is a quick hello and welcome to Coffee Venue No. 22

Hello and welcome :-)

Remember - the gadget that can keep different members on different platformed contacted is by using the Coffee Drinker Chat Room - this is (or will become) available at all Coffee Drinker Venues so if you are on one social network you can still chat to someone on facebook, Vox, Myspace etc. all together in real-time. The group is yours to add any videos, blogs, recipes etc. Coffee Related in some way - as cafe owner I has the right to remove any posting I consider spammy, repeat offenders will be blocked, as I don't have the time to spend all day deleting crap - you got something for sale ? - use the marketplace!

Note in the this coffee lounge Zara is 'LemonCakes' and it is a public chat room:

Get your own Chat Box! Go Large!

For Your Information:

NOTE: This blog contains posts, products and services, some of which Affiliates can potentially earn a commission on, some are just of personal interest and opinion.

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